お知らせ

SPECIFICATION English meaning

A detailed description of the hardware installed, including the memory capacity, processor speed, and graphics card model. Compatibility with items like security cameras, doorbells, speakers, and more advanced sensors and devices is due to arrive in a later specification. On Europe’s generally optimistic WLTP protocol, Lotus says that the less powerful Eletre can go up to 373 miles on a full charge when running on optional 20-inch wheels; 22-inchers will actually be the standard specification in Europe.

That specification has since been removed from the law, according to CNN. A similar approach is adopted by the food manufacturing, of which Codex Alimentarius ranks the highest standards, followed by regional and national standards. Person, office, or agency responsible for enforcement of the specification .

definition of specification

An indirect infringer is one who actively encourages another to make, use, or sell a patented invention without permission. A contributory infringer is one who knowingly sells or supplies a part or component of the patented invention to another, unless the component is a staple article of commerce and is suitable for a substantial noninfringing use. A process or instrument used for one purpose might anticipate an invention that uses essentially the same method for a new use if the latter is so comparable to the original invention that it would be apparent to a person experienced in the field. An invention is not anticipated if it has been produced previously due to an accident but is incapable of being repeated because the necessary knowledge to do so is lacking.

A written statement containing a minute description or enumeration of particulars, as of charges against officers or soldiers. Specifications A detailed, exact statement of particulars, especially a statement prescribing materials, dimensions, and quality of work for something to be built, installed, or manufactured. For instance, when two applications share Unicode data, but use different normal forms or use them incorrectly, in an incompatible way or without sharing a minimum set of interoperability specification, errors and data loss can result. For example, Mac OS X has many components that prefer or require only decomposed characters (thus decomposed-only Unicode encoded with UTF-8 is also known as “UTF8-MAC”).

Specification (technical standard)

Example organization types include a corporation, a consortium, a trade association, a national government, a professional association, a purpose-made standards organization such as ISO, or vendor-neutral developed generic requirements. It is common for one organization to refer to the standards of another. Voluntary standards may become mandatory if adopted by a government or business contract. A software requirements specification is a document that describes requirements for a software product, program or set of programs. Requirements in the software requirements specification are expressed in normal language and are not concerned with technical implementation.

  • While testing is performed, the behavior of the program is compared against the expected behavior as defined in the functional specification.
  • A design or product specification describes the features of the solutions for the Requirement Specification, referring to either a designed solution or final produced solution.
  • We all need to be working from the same set of specifications.
  • The first-ever four-door variants have a standard soft top, but buyers can spec a rigid roof.

A rough draft of the entire genome was completed in June 2000. Naturally occurring substances, such as a type of bacteria or an element, are not patentable. The law of gravity and other laws of nature are not patentable. Other abstract principles, fundamental truths, calculation methods, mathematical algorithms, computer programs, and bookkeeping systems are not patentable.

What does spécification mean?

The effective filing date is the date on which the earliest U.S. application is filed under which priority is claimed. In the United States, patent rights definition of specification begin when the patent is issued. The designation of particulars; particular mention; as, the specification of a charge against a military officer.

Once an invention is placed for sale in the United States, the inventor has just one year in which to file a patent application or the right to patent that invention is forever lost. The clock begins when the invention is placed for sale, even if it is never actually sold. This rule is intended to guarantee that an inventor cannot expand the period of patent protection for the commercial exploitation of her Monopoly. In the United States, the initial right to file for a patent rests with the actual inventor, even if that person is an employee who creates the invention in the course and scope of his or her employment using employer resources.

Thesaurus Entries Near specification(s)

These work results should be recorded in the software requirements specification so to increase the understanding of the context. Because you are working with a range of different elements, using a tool for requirements engineering and requirements management is very helpful. That way you can generate software requirements specification documents from your project contents immediately. There are suggestions for the structure of the software requirements specification, but no strict rules. In international software development, the IEEE standard’s suggestion is frequently used. Adaptations to the document template are possible and even necessary.

While testing is performed, the behavior of the program is compared against the expected behavior as defined in the functional specification. ObjectiF RPM provides a Word template for the software requirements specification that you can use without any changes or adapt to your needs. To work with the default Word template, you just have to create a new document based on this template and generate the content with one click.

definition of specification

In coating or painting, before covering the surface of a substrate with a protective material, the surface is first tested and analyzed. The results obtained from the inspection provide the right material and solutions for the project. Therefore, spec writing will act as a plan or map to the buyer or owner. Specification writing is the skill of communication where projects are described on the basis of solutions that stand as key guides to successful workmanship. The writing is done in such a way that it provides stages and plans to be executed that will, in the end, provide a cost-effective venture.

A. PSD Permitting Thresholds for Chemical Process Plants Prior to the 2007 Ethanol Rule

These tools are designed to help you understand the official document better and aid in comparing the online edition to the print edition. Once you have filled in the required fields below you can preview and/or submit your comment to the Environmental Protection Agency for review. All comments are considered public and will be posted online once the Environmental Protection Agency has reviewed them.

The main aim of spec writing is to highlight the needs of a project and also reduce the cost; this makes it a reliable and time-saving venture. An assignment is different from a license because a license merely provides the licensee with a temporary right to use the patent as agreed. Whether a transfer is an assignment or a license is determined by reference to the contract between the parties. A patent license is personal to the licensee and cannot be transferred unless specifically indicated in the agreement.

definition of specification

A functional specification is the more technical response to a matching requirements document, e.g. the Product Requirements Document “PRD”. Thus it picks up the results of the requirements analysis stage. On more complex systems multiple levels of functional specifications will typically nest to each other, e.g. on the system level, on the module level and on the level of technical details. Normally set up in similar and consistent fashion with all projects, the specifications relate to all the requirements regarding the construction of the project normally presented in written form. Specifications are the requirements for any operation or product on the construction site, and can also be a reference to a detail or schedule anywhere in the documents.

How to say spécification in sign language?

In addition, when the invention involves a composition of matter, the applicant might have to furnish a specimen of it for inspection or experimentation. To be entitled to a patent, an inventor must be the first and original inventor. Joint inventors can obtain a patent for a joint invention, but none of them can obtain a valid patent as a sole inventor. Proponents maintain that the speed at which these discoveries were made was dramatically increased by laws making them a commercially valuable, patentable invention.

Translations for spÉcification

A formal specification is a mathematical description of software or hardware that may be used to develop an implementation. It describes what the system should do, not how the system should do it. Given such a specification, it is possible to use formal verification techniques to demonstrate that a candidate system design is correct with respect to that specification. This has the advantage that incorrect candidate system designs can be revised before a major investment https://globalcloudteam.com/ has been made in actually implementing the design. An alternative approach is to use provably correct refinement steps to transform a specification into a design, and ultimately into an actual implementation, that is correct by construction. The United States’ Federal Acquisition Regulation governing procurement for the federal government and its agencies stipulates that a copy of the drawings and specifications must be kept available on a construction site.

Acceptance testing, including performance testing requirements. An “in-service” or “maintained as” specification, specifies the conditions of a system or object after years of operation, including the effects of wear and maintenance . In this action EPA is proposing to approve the PSD and title V changes in NR 405 and 407 relating to the 2007 Ethanol Rule.

The President of the United States communicates information on holidays, commemorations, special observances, trade, and policy through Proclamations. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. For instance, you can define a new color scheme there or decide on a new structure for the content of individual chapters.

To specify a construction activity or product is normally done by the engineers and architects designing the project. In many cases the specifications are generic requirements that are not specific to the job, but a general specification describing the activity, no matter, where or what the project is. In software development, a functional specification (also, functional spec or specs or functional specifications document ) is the set of documentation that describes the behavior of a computer program or larger software system.

A recognized exception to this general rule, called the “experimental use exception,” occurs when an invention must be placed in the public use to determine its operability. However this exception is very narrow, and the inventor must be careful to document the invention to support a later claim of experimental use. Abandonment and Forfeiture An inventor can lose the right to obtain a patent through Abandonment. An invention is regarded as abandoned when it is subject to free and unrestricted public use. A patent application can be rejected for substantial and reasonable grounds, such as when the alleged invention lacks usefulness or when the invention has been publicly used or sold previously. If the patent is rejected, the commissioner must notify the applicant of the rejection and the grounds for the rejection.

However, the 2001 Supreme Court case J.E.M. AG Supply, Inc. v. Pioneer Hi-Bred Intern., Inc., 534 U.S. 124, 122 S.Ct. 593, 151 L.Ed.2d 508 , affirmed that newly developed plant breeds are patentable subject matter. In an opinion written by Justice Clarence Thomas, the Court said that plants were patentable under the general utility patent statute. To obtain patent protection, a plant breeder must show that the plant it has developed is new, useful, and non-obvious, and must provide written description of plant and deposit of seed that is publicly accessible. The legal controversy surrounding DNA patenting intensified during 1988 when Congress initiated the Human Genome Project , a 15-year, $3 billion dollar research project designed to map and sequence the entire human genome. The HGP goal is to develop diagnostic tests and treatments for more than 5,000 genetically-based diseases.

コメントは利用できません。
ページ上部へ戻る